To understand Vedas, 6 disciplines have to be studied.
Recovered from : http://ancientindians.in/vedangas/
Manduka Upanisad mentions six Vedaangas (limbs of the Veda) as follows:
The Six Vedangas are :
- Siksha (Phonetics) : http://is1.mum.edu/vedicreserve/shiksha.htm
- Vyakaranam (Grammar)
- Chandas (Metre)
- Nirukta (Etymyology)
- Jyotisha (Astronomy)
- Kalpa (Rituals and Mathematics)
It is necessary to understand the Vedangas to understand the Vedas.
See for sanskrit texts on the above subjects http://is1.mum.edu/vedicreserve/
External Link : http://www.indicstudies.us/Hinduism/Vedangas.htmS
Some Extra Notes :
- The Brahmanas are commentaries on the samhitas, that explain the rites which accompany the mantras. The satapatha brahmana may be considered a commentary on the Vajasneyi Samhita.
- The Brahmanas also contain legends as well as discussions on the etymyology, metrics, grammar etc.
- The Aitreyaranyaka discusses 3 ways of chanting the Vedas, the Pada Patha, Samhita and Krama Patha.Preserving Vedas Integrity : Vedic Chanting Styles pAThAs
- The Pratisakhyas “truly” represent the Vedic Siksha.
- The Pratisakhyas discuss sandhis, metrics etc and how to convert one of the above pathas to the other. They are important to the study of Vedas.
- Yaska’s Nirukta : is a Vedic commentary on the Nighantus (including Kasyapa’s). A Nighantu is a glossary of difficult and rare Rg Vedic terms. The Naighantuka kanda of the Nighantus consists of 3 lists of synonyms. The Naigama (Aikapadika) kanda consists of a list of isolated and difficult words. The Daivata kanda contains a classification of devatas.
- The RgvEda prAtis’AKyA and s’AnKayanas’rauta s’Astra are devoted to metres. The pingala sUtrAs, Candah sUtrAs and the nidhAna sUtras deal with metres.
- Kalpasutras have 3 parts, the srauta for large yagnyas, the gruhya for domestic purposes, the dharma for law etc. Pitrmedhasutras, karikas, prayogas, sraddha kalpa and other such additional texts exists.
The AtharvaNa jyotiSA :
- gives divisions of time, nakshatra names, auspicious time for conception etc.
- There are 2 rg vidhanas, kanishta and jyestha.
- The kaniSTa vidhAna has 4 adhyayas. Like this RcAm vidhAnam, we also have sAmnAm vidhAnam.
- The Rvidh is aware of amRtA, pitryA, vAsavI, raudrA, and vaisvadEvI samhitAs.
- kAtyAyana the author of YVidh, is the grand disciple of Saunaka as per the SaDgurusiSyA.
Also See :
- Chandas (Metre)
- Nirukta (Etymyology) : Learning Vedic Sanskrit
- Siksha (Phonetics)
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