Click here for posts and chants about Hanuman on this SanskritChants site.
The work below is what I am able to recover from my previous website : Ancient Indians – Satya Samhita
From Ancient Indians – Satya Samhita
One very interesting thing that I found out about Gauthama Maharshi in the Siva Mahapuranam, is that he was Anjana’s father. And Anjana is Hanuman‘s mother. And Hanuman or Anjaneya is every child’s favorite, from Valmiki‘s Ramayanam. Hanuman was a Vanara. Many children like Hanuman not only for the wonderful things that he did, and his nice nature, but also for his very long tail.We know now, that Vanara means forest dweller and that the Vanaras were definitely human, by the species definition.
But we shall keep this knowledge in a small box, put a lid on it, and continue to love Hanuman with a long and handy tail, just like the centuries of Indians loved him before us. There, that is decided!
The place where Hanuman was born is Anjaneri, near Tryambakeshwar, near Nasik. The hill is hard to climb, you have to be something of a monkey to clamber up there! Some people believe that Hanuman was born at Anjanadri near Hampi, Kishkinda, but I think he was born in Tryambakeshwar. Indian moms go to their moms’ houses to have their first babies. That is tradition. And Anjana’s parents Gauthama and Ahalya lived at Brahmagiri, Tryambakeshwar.
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The birth of a Hanuman Temple
I have always held that the vigraha (Installed Deity) is often much older than the prAkArAs or surrounding structures. ASI always dates a temple by the prAkArAs. In this real life story, we can see how ancient sculpture is getting new prAkArAs and turning into a temple. As we walked past this sculpture on our daily walks, we tried to guess which God it was, and talked about it. The first photo is dated 16th April 2014. This shows the original sculpture as it has been under that tree, possibly from the times of Vidyaranya. (3 or 4 centuries ago).
By 2019, The ancient sculpture acquired a pedestal, colour and a gold coloured kavaca (protective shield). Now there are pūjās by priests who tell legends of healing and boons. Click for Location and More Pictures.
Hanumān, Simhikā, Rāhu, Sūrya and Maya Dānava – Astronomical Significance.
As the author of Sūrya Siddhāntam, Maya described how eclipses were caused.. and it had nothing to do with anyone swallowing the sun!! He is well known as the foster father of manDōdari, rāvańa’s queen.
Maya has been described in some texts as the son of danu or or of diti, kaśyapa prajāpati’s wives. However, maya is also said to be the son of Vipracitti and Simhika. Simhika is said to be a chāyā grāhī rākshasī . This can mean a rakshasi who catches shadows. Simhika’s son, rāhu is a chāya graha or a shadow graha. This is because rāhu is one of the nodes of Moon, involved in eclipses. (kētu is the other node).
When hanumān leapt over the ocean to reach lanka, he was stopped by simhikā. She demanded that he enter her mouth to be allowed to pass. He became huge and simhikā opened her mouth really wide. Then he became tiny. And he flew in and out of her mouth very quickly. Thus he gained passage. To me this looks like an astronomical event bundled in with history. It’s an important clue to study.
Hanumān swallowed the sun when he was a kid and let it go. He learned directly from the Sun, following him with one pāda each (foot, base) on two hills. To me, he sounds like an astronomer who mastered the sun’s movements by direct observation.
To call someone a son, father, daughter or brother of an astronomical body or event is to say they were involved in the study or naming of that phenomenon. That would be the connection to maya being rāhu’s brother, or simhika’s son.
Hanuman was a great Vanara hero. The greatest! My absolute favorite!
Let us take a look at his ancestry.
Hanuman’s mother was Anjana and her father was Gauthama Maharshi. We know this from the Siva Purana.
Since Gauthama had only one wife, Ahalya, we can safely assume that she was Anjana’s mother, but I will see if this has been made explicit anywhere. Ahalya’s father was Brahma. So Brahma was the maternal grandfather of Anjana and Hanuman’s great grand father. This makes Hanuman a Brahmana on his mother’s side.
Hanuman had two fathers. His mother’s husband, Kesari was a Vanara hero. Kesari’s father was Brihaspati. Brihaspathi was the teacher or guru of the Devas. He is a Deva – Guru, just like Narada is a Deva Rishi. So if Kesari was a Vanara, he must have been so on his mother’s side. Hanuman always mentioned Kesari first when he talked of his father. He had love and respect for him. Only then did he mention his genetic father.
Hanuman is also called Maruti or Vayuputra. That means that he is the son of Vayu Deva. Vayu Deva is either the wind personified or the Deva who has been identified with the wind. The Maruts are the sons of Siva. Therefore, Siva is Hanuman’s paternal grandfather. In some stories, it is said that Hanuman is Siva in Vanara form. In Sanskrit, it is said that “the son is verily the father”. Maybe this is one sense. In another story it is said that Vayu (the wind) carried the seed (genes) of Siva and gave it to Anjana to bear. No one can speak of a jathi (race) for Siva. It is beyond such knowledge as we have. But Vayu was(is) a Deva.
So Hanuman was a Brahmana on his mother’s side and a Deva on his father’s side, genetically. However, his legal father, Kesari, was a Vanara on his mother’s side and was counted as a Vanara. That is why Hanuman counts as a Vanara Hero!
Brahma was the paternal great grandfather of Ravana and the maternal great grand father of Hanuman. Both of them were brilliant musicians. There is a legend that when Hanuman went to Ayodhya after the war, he took with him a Veena that was designed by Ravana. It is said to be popular in Rajasthan even today.
Hanuman was a master of all the languages of Ancient India. When he saw Sita in Asoka Vana, he spent some time wondering which language to address her in! He knew that she did not know the Kishkinda language (kannada-telugu). And that if he spoke Sanskrit, Sita would think that he was Ravana in disguise. So he spoke to her in the language of Ayodhya (prakrit).
There is another thought. The Brahma of the puranas is sometimes identified with the Barahamanspati of the Vedas and with Brihapsati. If this is correct: then, Kesari and Ahalya are brother and sister, and Anjana was married to her maternal uncle, which is a popular tradition followed by Kannada and Telugu people even today. (This tradition is called manarikam, a girl may also marry her paternal aunt’s son. In ancient times the Yadus also followed this tradition. eg Subhadra, Vasudeva’s daughter, married Arjuna, Kunthi’s son. Kunthi was Vasudeva’s own sister).